India is a country in southern Asia. With over 1.40 billion people, India is the 2nd most populous country in the world after China. Repblic of India under parliamentary system consisting of 28 states and 8 union territories.
All states, as well as the union territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments, both patterned on the Westminster model.
The remaining five union territories are directly ruled by the central government through appointed administrators.
In 1956, under the States Reorganisation Act, states were reorganised on a linguistic basis.
Since then, their structure has remained largely unchanged. Each state or union territory is further divided into administrative districts.
The legislatures of three states Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand and of union territory Jammu and Kashmir meet in different capitals for their summer and winter sessions.
Ladakh has both Leh and Kargil as its administrative capitals.
The state and union territory capitals are sorted according to administrative, legislative and judicial capitals.
The administrative capital is where the executive government offices are located.
This section of static gk is very important part of competitive exams like IAS, SSC, RRB, CPO, KVS, NVS, RPSC, TNSC, MPPSC, UPSC, Railways, Banking and so many other states and central government job entrance exams.
Here we compiled the list of states,capitals and their foundation days. You can download pdf file too.
States,Capitals and their Foundation Days 2021
|1.||Andra Pradesh||Hyderabad (new capital Amaravati)||1 Nov. 1956|
|2.||Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||20 Feb. 1987|
|3.||Assam||Dispur||26 Jan. 1950|
|4.||Bihar||Patna||22 March 1912|
|5.||Chhattisgarh||Raipur||1 Nov. 2000|
|6.||Goa||Panaji||30 May 1987|
|7.||Gujarat||Gandhinagar||1 May 1960|
|8.||Haryana||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|9.||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||25 Jan. 1971|
|10.||Jarkhand||Ranchi||15 Nov. 2000|
|11.||Karnataka||Bengalugu||1 Nov. 1956|
|12.||Kerala||Thiruvananthpuram||1 Nov. 1956|
|13.||Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||1 Nov. 1956|
|14.||Maharashtra||Mumbai||1 May 1960|
|15.||Manipur||Imphal||21 Jan. 1972|
|16.||Meghalaya||Shilong||21 Jan. 1972|
|17.||Mizoram||Aizawal||20 Feb. 1987|
|18.||Nagaland||Kohima||1 Dec. 1963|
|19.||Odisha||Bhubneshwar||26 Jan. 1950|
|20.||Punjab||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1956|
|21.||Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 Nov. 1956|
|22.||Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May 1975|
|23.||TamilNadu||Chennai||26 Jan. 1950|
|24.||Telangana||Hyderabad||2 Jan. 2014|
|25.||Tripura||Agartala||21 Jan. 1972|
|26.||Utter Pradesh||Lucknow||26. Jan. 1950|
|27.||Uttrakhand||Dehradun||9 Nov. 2000|
|28.||West Bengal||Kolkata||1 Nov. 1956|
Union Territories, Capitals and Foundation Day
|S.No.||Union Territory||Capital||Foundation day|
|1.||Andaman and Nicobar islands||Port Blair||1 Nov. 1956|
|2.||Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966|
|3.||Dadra Nagar Haveli And Daman & Diu||Daman||26 Jan. 2020|
|4.||Delhi||New Delhi||9 May 1905|
|5.||Jammu and Kashmir||Shrinagar (Summer),|
|31 Oct. 2019|
|6.||Lakshadweep||Kavaratti||1 Nov. 1956|
|7.||Pudhucherry||Pudhucherry||1 Nov. 1954|
|8.||Ladakh||Leh||31 Oct. 2019|