country and parliament

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Parliament of India

The Parliament of India is the highest legislative body of India. It is a bicameral legislature composed of the President of India and the two houses : the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). Democratic countries have their own parliaments with different names.

The word “Parliament” comes from the french verb “Parler” which means “to speak/talk”.

In India, the President, the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha constitute the Parliament. While the tenure of the Lok Sabha is 5 years unless dissolved earlier, the tenure of members of Rajya Sabha is for 6 years.

The President in his role as head of legislature has full powers to summon and postpone either house of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha.

The president can exercise these powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and his Union Council of Ministers.

The Parliament has a sanctioned strength of 543 in Lok Sabha and 245 in Rajya Sabha including the 12 nominees from the expertise of different fields of science, culture, art and history.

The Parliament meets at Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi.

The members of Lok Sabha are directly elected by the people while members of Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by members of State Legislative Assemblies.

Unlike Lok Sabha, it is a permanent body and one-third of its members retire every two years. It is also called the Council of States.

As India has Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha as the two houses of parliament, similarly other countries too have different houses of parliament.

Here is the list of countries with their parliaments names.

Countries and their Parliaments

S.No.CountryParliament Name
2AlbaniaPeople’s Assembly
3AlgeriaNational People’s Assembly
4AndorraGeneral Council
5AngolaNational People’s Assembly
6ArgentinaNational Congress
7AustraliaFederal Parliament
8AustriaNational Assembly
9AzerbaijanMelli Majlis
10BahamasGeneral Assembly
11BahrainConsultative Council
12BangladeshJatia Parliament
13BelizeNational Assembly
15BoliviaNational Congress
16BotswanaNational Assembly
17BrazilNational Congress
18BritainParliment (House Of Common’s And House Of Lords)
19BruneiNational Assembly
20BulgariaNarodno Subranie
21CambodiaNational Assembly
23ChinaNational People’s Assembly
25Congo DemocraticRep. Of National Legislative Council
26ComorosLegislative Council And Senate
28Costa RiceLegislative Council And Senate
29CubaNational Assembly Of People’s Power
31East TimorConstituent Assembly
32EcuadorNational Congress
33EgyptPeople’s Assembly
34El SalvadorLegislative Assembly
35EthiopiaFederal Council And House Of Representative
36Fiji IslandsSenate & House Of Representative
37FinlandEduskusta (Parliament)
38FranceNational Assembly
39GermanyBundestag (Lower House) & Bundesrat (Upper House)
40Great BritainParliament
41GreeceChamber Of Deputies
42GuyanaNational Assembly
43HungaryNational Assembly
46IndonesiaPeople’s Consultative Assembly
48IraqNational Assembly
50IsraelThe Knesset
51ItalyChamber Of Deputies And Senate
53JordanNational Assembly
54North KoreaSupreme People’s Assembly
55South KoreaNational Assembly
56KuwaitNational Assembly
57LabanonNational Assembly
58LaosPeople’s Supreme Assembly
60LesothoNational Assembly And Senate
61LibyaGeneral People’s Congress
63LuxembourgChamber Of Deputies
64MadagascarNational People’s Assembly
68MongoliaGreat People’s Khural
69MontenegroFederal Assembly
70MozambiquePeople’s Assembly
71MyanmarPyithu Hluttaw
72NepalRashtriya Panchayat
73NetherlandsStates General (Staten-General)
74New ZealandParliament (House Of Representative)
77PakistanNational Assembly & Senate
78Papua New GuineaNational Parliament
79ParaguaySenate & Chamber Of Deputies
80PhilippinesThe Congress
82RomaniaGreat National Assembly
83RussiaDuma & Federal Council
84Saudi ArabiaMajlis Al Shura
85South AfricaParliament
88TurkeyGrand National Assembly
89UruguayGeneral Assembly
91UzbekistanOliy Majlis
92VietnamNational Assembly
93ZambiaNational Assembly