India's neighbours

Neighbour Countries of India and their facts-PDF

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India

India has the 3rd-largest international border in the world. It also serves as the most sensitive border of the world.

India is located in the northern hemisphere (latitude) and in the easter part (longitude) in the continent of Asia, having the 2nd largest population in the world.

9 countries in total share the international borders with India out of which 7 countries share land borders whereas 2 countries share sea borders.

India has a land frontier of 15,106.7 km.

The total length of the coastline of India is 7,516.6 km

India’s 9 neighbouring countries are Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Maldives and Sri Lanka.

Neighbouring Countries of India : Capital, Boarder States

CountryCapitalBoarder Length Boadering Indian States
AfghanistanKabul106 KmLadakh (PoK)
BangladeshDhaka4096.7 KmWest Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam
BhutanThimphu699 KmWest Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam
ChinaBeijing3488 KmLadakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
MyanmarNaypyidaw,Yangon1643 KmArunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and
Manipur
NepalKathmandu1751 KmBihar, Uttarakhand, UP, Sikkim and West Bengal
PakistanIslamabad3323 KmJammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan
and Gujarat
Sri LankaColombo (Commercial),
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative)
Sea BorderIt is separated to India by Gulf of Mannar

Neighbouring Countries of India

1. Afghanistan

Some Important Fact About Afghanistan

PresidentNo one (Presently Taliban Captured)
ParliamentWolesi Jirga (lower House) (250 members)
Official languagesDari and Pashto
State/ Provinces34 Proviences
Capital and Largest cityKabul
CurrencyAfghan afghani
ReligionIslam
National GameBuzkashi
National BirdGrey Peacock-the Golden eagle
National AnimalSnow leopard
National FruitPrunus persica
National TreeAfghan Pine
BoundariesLadakh (POK)

2. Bhutan

Some Important Fact About Bhutan

Name of kingDruk Gyalpo (Dragon King)
MonarchJigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Prime MinisterLotay Tshering
Official languagesDzongkha
State/ Provinces20 states
Capital and Largest CityThimphu
CurrencyNgultrum (BTN)
National AnimalTakin
National BirdThe Raven
National GameArchery
National TreeCypress(Tsenden)
National FlowerBlue poppy
Religion77.4% Vajrayana Buddhism, 22.6% Hinduism
Lower houseNational Assembly (Tshogdu) 55 seats
Upper houseNational Council
BoundariesAssam, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, and Sikkim

3. Bangladesh

Some Important Fact About Bangladesh

PresidentAbdul Hamid
Prime MinisterSheikh Hasina
Official languagesBengali
State/ Provinces8 Provinces
Capital and Largest cityDhaka
CurrencyBangladeshi taka
National GameVolleyball
National BirdOriental Magpie-Robin
National FruitJackfruit(kathal)
National TreeMango Tree
National animalRoyal Bengal tiger
Highest peakKeokradong
Longest riverSurma
Religion89 % Sunni Muslims, 10% Hindus and 1% Christian
ParliamentJatiyo Shangsad (Bengali) and House of the Nation(English) (350 Member)
BoundariesAssam, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, West Bengal.

4. China

Some Important Fact About China

PresidentXi Jinping
Official languagesMandarin
State/ Provinces26 Provinces
Capital and Largest CityBeijing,
CurrencyRenminbi
National GameTable Tennis
National BirdRed-crowned crane
National FruitKiwifruit
National TreeMaidenhair tree
National FlowerBlue water lily
National animalGiant Panda
Longest riverYangtze River
ParliamentNational Assembly (2980 members)
BoundariesJammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttarakhand and Arunachal Pradesh

5. Maldives

Some Important Fact About Maldives

PresidentIbrahim Mohamed Solih
ParliamentPeople’s Majlis
Official languagesDhivehi
State/ Provinces1 Only
Capital and Largest cityMale
CurrencyMaldivian Rufiyaa
ReligionIslam
National GameFootball
National BirdWhite-breasted Waterhen
National FruitCoconut
National TreeCoconut Tree
National animalYellowfin Tuna
BoundariesThe south-west part of the Indian Ocean below the Lakshadweep Island.

6. Myanmar

Some Important Fact About Myanmar

Prime MinisterAung San Suu Kyi (House Arrest by army)
Official languagesBurmese
State/ Provinces7 states
Capital and largest cityNaypyidaw, Yangon
CurrencyMyanmar kyat
Religion87.9% Buddhism (official), 6.2% Christianity,4.3% Islam, 1.6% Others
National GameChinlone
National BirdPeacock
National AnimalGreen Peafowl 
National TreePadauk Tree.
Parliament (Upper house)House of Nationalities
Parliament (Lower house)House of Representatives
BoundariesArunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Mizoram 

7. Nepal

Some Important Fact About Nepal

PresidentBidhya Devi Bhandari
Prime MinisterSher Bahadur Deuba
Official languagesNepali
State/ Provinces7 Provinces
Capital and Largest cityKathmandu, Gaighat
CurrencyNepalese rupee
ReligionHinduism (Privileged) (81.34%), Buddhism (9.04%), Islam (4.39%), Kirat Mundhum (3.04%), Christianity (1.41%)
Natureworship (0.46%), Bon (0.04%), Sikhism (0.01%), Jainism (0.01%), Others (0.26%)
National GameVolleyball
National BirdHimalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus)
National AnimalCow
National TreeFicus religiosa
ParliamentThe National Assembly (334 seats)
BoundariesUttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim

8. Pakistan

Some Important Fact About Pakistan

PresidentArif Alvi
Prime MinisterImran Khan
Official languagesUrdu, English
State/ Provinces4 Provinces
Capital and Largest cityIslamabad, Karachi
CurrencyPakistani Rupee
Religion96.47% Islam, less than 4 % Hinduism,  Christianity, Ahmadiyya, Sikhism and others
National GameField Hockey
National BirdAlectoris chukar
National AnimalMarkhor
National TreeCedrus deodara
ParliamentNational Assembly (342 seats)
BoundariesPunjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Jammu and Kashmir.

9. Sri Lanka

Some Important Fact About Sri Lanka

PresidentGotabaya Rajapaksa
Prime MinisterMahinda Rajapaksa
Official LanguageTamil
CurrencySri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
State/ Provinces9 Provinces
National GameVolleyball
National BirdCeylon (Jungle Fowl)
National FruitJackfruit
National TreeIronwood
National FlowerBlue water lily
Highest peakPidurutalagala
Longest riverMahaweli
Religion70.2% Buddhism, 12.6% Hinduism
ParliamentParliamenthua (225 seats)
BoundariesMaritime boundary 

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