Speaker of the Lok Sabha
The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is the presiding officer and the highest authority of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India.
The speaker is elected generally in the first meeting of the Lok Sabha following general elections. Serving for a term of five years, the speaker chosen from sitting members of the Lok Sabha.
Powers and Functions of the Speaker
The Speaker of the Lok Sabha conducts the business in house.
He decides whether a bill is a money bill or not.
He maintains discipline and decorum in the house.
He can punish a member for unruly behavior by suspending them.
He also permits the moving of various kinds of motions and resolutions such as a motion of no confidence, motion of adjournment, motion of censure and calling attention notice as per the rules.
The Speaker decides on the agenda to be taken up for discussion during the meeting.
Appointer : Members of Lok Sabha
Term Length : During the life of the Lok Sabha (five years maximum)
Inaugural Holder : Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar (1952–1956)
Formation : 15 May 1952
Salary : 3.5 lakh rupees per month
Removal of Speaker
Speaker can be removed by the Lok Sabha by a resolution passed by an effective majority (>50% of total strength excluding vacancies) of the house as per Articles 94 and 96.
The Speaker is also removed on being disqualified for being Lok Sabha member under sections 7 and 8 of Representation of the People Act, 1951.
This would arise out of speaker’s wrong certification of a bill as money bill inconsistent with the definition given in Articles 110 of the constitution.
List of Lok Sabha Speakers (195-2021)
|1||Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar||1952-1956||INC|
|2||M. A. Ayyangar||1956-1962||INC|
|3||Sardar Hukam Singh||1962-1967||INC|
|4||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||1967-1969||INC|
|5||Gurdial Singh Dhillon||1969-1975||INC|
|6||Bali Ram Bhagat||1976-1977||INC|
|7||Neelam Sanjiva Reddy||1977||Janatha Party|
|8||K. S. Hegde||1977-1980||Janatha Party|
|10||Rabi Ray||1989-1991||Janata Dal|
|12||P. A. Sangma||1996-1998||INC|
|13||G. M. C. Balayogi||1998-2002||Telugu Desam Party|
|14||Manohar Joshi||2002-2004||Shiv Sena|
|15||Somnath Chatterjee||2004-2009||Communist Party Of India|
|17||Sumitra Mahajan||2014 – 2019||BJP|
|18||Om Birla||2019- Incumbent||BJP|